What is good governance?
Governance is about the processes by which decisions are made and/or implemented, and usually involving several actors. Good governance thus, takes into consideration the context in which these decisions are made and/or implemented such as democracy, corporate governance, international governance, national governance and/or local governance, to ensure the best possible process for making and implementing these decisions. In this discussion we are particularly focusing on government/public institutions as an actor in governance.
Democracy, and democratic governance in particular, means that people’s human rights and fundamental freedoms are respected, promoted and fulfilled, allowing them to live with dignity. Good governance thus, plays a significant role at different levels of government/public institutions, be it local, regional or national in ensuring that democratic governance principles are adhered to; including how government/public institutions make decisions, run day to day public business and/or use/manage public resources. Most importantly it promotes participation of the general public, taking into account the needs and aspirations of all members including minority groups and vulnerable segments of the society thereof.